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Guide to Treating Acne
Guide to Treating Acne: Skincare Products that Work
Acne is one of the most common skin problems. But why does it occur and how to deal with it? Let's figure it out.
What is Acne?
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles or pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This can lead to the formation of blackheads, whiteheads, papules and cystic acne mostly on the face and neck.
Blackheads look like dirt on the skin. But they actually occur when the hair follicle becomes clogged with sebum.
Whiteheads acne appear when sebum gets trapped and accumulates inside the pores. Despite the light color, they are also very noticeable on the skin.
Papules and Pustules
Papules are inflamed bumps on the skin. Their size is larger than blackheads or whiteheads. They can turn into pustules. Then they have a white or yellow tip.
Cystic acne is painful, pus-filled bumps deep under the skin. It’s a serious form of acne and it can leave scars.
Causes of acne
There are several main factors that lead to acne. These are hormonal fluctuations, excess sebum production, bacterial overgrowth, genetic predisposition. Their combinations enhance each other's effects.
Hormonal acne is caused by fluctuations of estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Women's fluctuations are usually caused by menstrual cycles and pregnancy. In men, they often occur due to puberty.
Excess sebum production
Excess sebum production can lead to oily skin. And this, in turn, leads to blockage of pores and hair follicles - the cause of the appearance of blackheads and whiteheads.
Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract can lead to changes in the micro biome, which may cause acne.
If your parents or siblings had/have acne, then there is a high probability that you will have it too.
The Importance of Skin Types in Product Selection
Determining your skin type is the first thing you need to do if you want to get rid of acne. There are 3 main skin types: oily, sensitive and dry. The choice of products to win acne should be made based on your type.
You can click here if you want us to help you determine your skin type.
Creating an Acne Skincare Routine
Skincare routine will help you defeat acne. It consists of several stages. Usually it’s cleansing, toning, moisturizing.
Just wash your face with a gentle cleanser every morning. And be careful: over-cleansing does no less harmful than lack of it.
The best time to use the toner is right after the cleansing. Don’t wash it off.
The choice of moisturizer should be based on your skin type. For example, for oily skin it should be oil-free.
What to Look for in Acne Skincare Products
According to cosmetic dermatologist Michele Green, MD, the choice of ingredients in acne skincare products should be based on your skin type too.
For oily skin: you need products with hyaluronic acid, glycolic acid or salicylic acid. They help to control sebum production.
For dry skin: look for products with shea butter and lactic acid. They provide hydration and mild exfoliation.
For sensitive skin: you need products with aloe vera or oatmeal for better moisturization.
Best Skincare Products for Acne-Prone Skin
Uteki offers you complex treatment of acne. Our effective cleansers, toners and moisturizers will help you to win acne as soon as possible. Your skin will quickly become clean and radiant. You’ll achieve the healthy, glowing complexion you've always wanted. And we’ll make sure that the effect lasts for a long time!